Our Technology

Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT)

Topcon - Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT) - OCT is a diagnostic tool that provides images of the back of the eye of exceptional quality. This information is useful in diagnosing and monitoring retinal diseases. With the OCT a laser beam of light is focused on the retina. This beam is split with one beam being the reference to the other passing through the pupil and the various layers of the retina. The reflected beams are analysed and provide an exceptionally detailed cross sectional view of the retina and this allows us to demarcate any pathology.

The OCT is helpful in diagnosing new diseases and monitoring response to treatment. This is particularly the case with diabetics and with macular disease when administering the new "anti-VEGF" drugs like Lucentis and Avastin intravitreally. This investigation is often used every 4 to 6 weeks to monitor progress.

The use of an OCT is quick painless and non-invasive.

Visual Field Testing

Visual fields are checked sequentially to monitor for various diseases of the eye particularly diseases of the optic nerve. Most patients complain they do not like doing field tests however, a field test is essential to demarcate a field defect that often starts in the periphery and might progress centrally and only be detected late in the disease. One can have normal central vision with loss of the peripheral field of vision resulting in a tunnel vision type effect. One can have perfect central vision until late in glaucoma and the field test is therefore essential in ensuring that adequate therapy is provided early enough. These tests can be difficult to perform although there is a learning effect and the results are usually more accurate after a few fields have been successfully performed. This is obviously considered when making decisions regarding medication particularly for glaucoma.


We have recently discovered that the thickness of ones cornea can influence the pressure reading and lead to inaccurate measurements either under or over estimating the intraocular pressure. For this reason corneal pachymetry is performed on all glaucoma patients as a baseline and subsequent to this as required. The test is simple, painless and takes a few seconds only. Pachymetry is an integral part of a glaucoma assessment.

Imaging of the Nerve Fiber Layer and Optic Disc (GDX analysis)

This is a new technology that accurately and objectively documents the optic nerve and nerve fiber layer. This is particularly important in the diagnosis of and monitoring of certain forms of glaucoma. Laser scans of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) checking thickness and characteristics can be measured by means of a non-contact non-invasive laser technique. This will assist in documenting what part of the disc and nerve fiber layer is affected in glaucoma and will aid in correlating loss of peripheral field on your objective field test performed. The use of this test is essential in performing a diagnosis or opinion in early pre-clinical glaucoma particularly when there is a family history or other risk factors and no established visual field loss as yet.

Sequential scans can be performed to assess whether therapy provided for glaucoma is adequate in preventing progression.

Corneal Topography

Corneal topography is an accurate way of assessing corneal curvature using computer analysis.

A Corneal Topographer projects a series of illuminated rings onto the corneal surface. These are reflected back into the instrument and analysed by a computer. A topographic map is generated of the surface of the eye. This an objective way we can assess whether astigmatism exists, either regular or irregular, and whether corneal scarring or keratoconus is an issue. This diagnostic procedure is also essential when assessing the front of the eye with a view to performing refractive procedures. The Corneal Topographer is also essential in calculating intraocular lens powers in the context of previous refractive surgery (such as Lasik).

Retinal Imaging

A Topcon CRC-50EX digital camera is used for standard retinal photography, photographs of the optic nerve head and for Fluorescein angiography. This is a standard therapeutic tool for diagnosis and treatment of macular disease as well as all other forms of retinovascular pathology including diabetic retinopathy.



Therapeutic Lasers – Argon and YAG lasers

L.A.S.E.R is an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. This is essentially concentrated light energy of one wave length. Therapeutic lasers are used extensively in ophthalmology and various types exist. They essentially use different wave lengths and depending on the duration of the beam either burn, coagulate, cut or disrupt any number of ocular tissues. All lasers can be exquisitely aimed at a particular tissue and therefore are useful in accurately dealing with specific pathology.

Lasers are used for retinal treatment as in diabetic retinopathy and Age Related Maculopathy where an Argon laser is used. Retinal diseases are usually treated using a green laser which coagulate areas of bleeding, haemorrhage or leakage. Glaucoma and anterior segment diseases are often treated using a YAG laser. This is a red laser. Our current YAG laser is known as a TANGO system which is used to perform selective laser trabeculoplasties for open angle glaucoma. The YAG laser can be used for other glaucoma interventions including a peripheral iridotomy or disruption of any number of tissues in the anterior segment of the eye. The YAG laser is often used to perform a capsulotomy disrupting an opaque posterior or anterior capsule post cataract surgery.

Laser therapy is performed on site at the Kite Street Specialist Centre. It is a day procedure and the patient is usually treated under local anaesthetic using topical anaesthesia. Most laser procedures performed are painless, well tolerated and require only simple analgesia afterwards if anything is required at all.


An A-Scan is a measurement of ocular dimensions usually used before cataract surgery. We currently use an IOL Master which is a non-contact diagnostic laser. This assists us in measuring the curvature of the eye and the length of the globe thereby accurately determining which lenses are to be used at the time of cataract surgery. The A-Scan is either performed by a non-contact method or by immersion with the probe placed in the device between the upper and lower lids within a saline bath. This is an essential measurement prior to any cataract surgery and will enable us to source the ideal intraocular lens. This will be discussed in depth prior to planning of any cataract procedure.